Melasma, or facial pigmentation, is a skin condition that mostly affects women, often in patients with darker skin tones. It can also affect men, and usually manifests as dark brown patches around the forehead, cheeks, and upper lip.
Causes of melasma
Melasma is a benign condition. It is not caused by allergens or an infection. It is also not contagious or cancerous. Melasma is thought to be caused by over-stimulation of the melanocytes in your skin, causing them to produce excess melanin. When it occurs during pregnancy, it is referred to as chloasma.
Some of the factors that may contribute to melasma include:
- Hormonal imbalance – such as during pregnancy or from the use of hormone-affecting medications, including contraceptive pills
- Exposure to UV radiation – sun exposure
- Genetic predisposition to hyperpigmentation
- Skin inflammation
Treatment for melasma includes:
- Laser therapy
- Chemical peels
- Topical compound treatments
To learn more about melasma and the treatment options available, please call 818-343-0101 or visit our office located in Tarzana, CA to schedule your appointment with Dr. Fakheri.